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走进中国人的精神家园


走进中国人的精神家园

文 | 欧内斯特·穆巴姆巴·恩多玛希那(Ernest Mbaimba Ndomahina) 塞拉利昂共和国驻华大使   翻译| 周竞男


  导 读 

我十分钦佩中国人民在1960年为改善林州地区人民恶劣的生存环境所作出的壮举,那就是沿着太行山脉建造了一条“银河”——红旗渠。这就是中国人的精神家园!

● 令人敬佩的红旗渠精神

新能源合作机会

城镇化发展的河南模式

向中国政府取经


2018年11月,中国外交部为非洲各国使节安排了实地考察河南的活动,这次充满吸引力的行程非常鼓舞人心。在这次考察中,我看到了一个令人印象深刻的、快速发展的河南。

毫不夸张地说,正是因为中国政府充分给予地方发展的自主权,才会有河南省今天的发展。而河南省在发展过程中采用的模式对塞拉利昂的发展具有重要的借鉴意义。

作为西部非洲的一个国家,塞拉利昂历经政变、内战以及可怕的埃博拉病毒的侵扰。2017年8月14日,洪水和泥石流又夺走了许多人的生命。这些天灾人祸都给国家带来了影响,使其发展停滞甚至倒退。

在这关键时刻,现任政府在总统朱利叶斯·马达·比奥(Julius Maada Bio)的带领下,提出了“新方向”计划。而此时我能够有机会深入了解中国发展历程,尤其是到河南省实地考察其发展过程中采用的模式,可谓正当其时。

我将会把这些先进的发展模式传达到塞拉利昂,使我国政府了解并借鉴中国模式,探索出符合我国国情的路径,早日使塞拉利昂走上转型发展之路。

令人敬佩的红旗渠精神

短短数日的考察之旅,给我留下深刻印象的不仅是河南的城市现代化发展,乡村的靓丽,更是种种令人敬佩的中国精神。

根据行程安排,我们来到了具有传奇色彩的红旗渠参观考察。

当听到随行的河南省政府工作人员向我们介绍,红旗渠是为了缓解当地用水困难的问题,中国人民历时近十年时间,人工修建的长达1500公里的灌渠时,我惊呆了。

看到一幅幅照片展示的场景,人民在修建红旗渠时的,使用简陋原始的工具开山凿洞,睡在没有房顶、没有床、更没有火的石板上,由几块布撑起来的指挥部。听到为了引水灌溉,十年间,中国人民为建造红旗渠所历经的那些磨难与艰辛,我禁不住留下了眼泪。

我十分钦佩中国人民在1960年为改善林州地区人民恶劣的生存环境所作出的壮举,那就是沿着太行山脉建造了一条“银河”——也就是红旗渠。

116万居住在由山脉和坡地占据86%面积的环境中的人民,不辞劳苦地建造了这条“银河”。当地人民这种韧劲深深地打动了我。

这就是中国人的精神家园!

新能源合作机会

在参观宇通集团的新能源基地时,让我不禁产生了将新能源引进塞拉利昂的想法。

我国时常遭遇季节性供电问题,这个问题影响了塞拉利昂国家转型目标的实现。我之所以说“季节性”,是因为在我国北部的通科利利区(Tonkolili
district)的本布纳镇(Bumbuna
town)有一个水电站,这个水电站在雨季的时候运转非常良好,但是在干旱季节,由于水位不够,只能停止运行。

干旱季节里,我们发电的唯一希望就是首都弗里敦以及东南和北部省份的火电厂。维持火电厂运行的费用非常昂贵。火电厂发电机使用的重燃油(HFO)和船用燃油(MFO)的价格都比普通的燃油要高。

所以,当我来到宇通集团的新能源基地考察时,了解到基地在河南境内开展的那些令人震撼的项目,我迫切希望通过与宇通集团合作,将新能源项目引进塞拉利昂,解决我国的电力短缺问题。

⬆塞拉利昂驻华大使参观红旗渠

城镇化发展的河南模式

通过这次河南考察,我坚定地认为,如果非洲国家都能把去中心化放到首位,那么控制农村人口大量流向城市的目标完全可以实现。

实际上,绝大多数情况下,一些非洲国家的首都以及大城市人满为患的原因就是因为没能做好

“去中心化”工作。从这个意义上来说,我们需要借鉴中国模式来改善非洲国家的城市化率。河南-非洲合作论坛就提供了这样一个途径,帮助非洲国家学习中国模式,通过去中心化模式发展省会、大城市和地区。

这种合作的重要性不可低估,而且它对于我们这些来自非洲各国的驻华大使的影响颇深。河南省的社会和经济发展与中国政府的去中心化努力息息相关,同时它也确确实实改善了河南人民的生活。

必须承认,这次考察中的所见所闻令我震撼。我也意识到,不到中国,就无法彻底了解这个国家。

正如我之前所说,河南之旅让我眼界大开。我不仅看到了一个真实的中国,也更确信中国已经准备好为下一代开创一个更美好的未来。

另外,我还注意到,中国十分擅长开发旅游项目。我们参观了红旗渠青年洞、红旗渠博物馆、位于安阳的中国文字博物馆、兰考县政府和文化乐器村,这些地方充满浓厚的中国文化色彩,游览其中让我深受启发。

塞拉利昂的旅游市场也非常庞大,价值约为660亿美元。我们拥有整个非洲最好的海滩——白沙滩和黄海滩,因此它们异常美丽。我希望借鉴河南的旅游开发经验,使塞拉利昂的旅游市场得到进一步开发。

⬆使节参观位于河南省安阳的红旗渠纪念馆

向中国政府取经

五天的实地考察,我收获了许多颇具价值的信息,真是不虚此行。

中国的发展道路以及我所见到的河南的腾飞都让我相信,假如非洲能够学习这些经验,那么塞拉利昂、甚至整个非洲,都将走上健康发展之路。

而塞拉利昂可以向中国政府取经,实现本国的旅游、健康产业以及经济特区的发展。经济特区的建设则通过吸引制造型企业,并通过培训与生产厂家相关的技能和知识来开发人力资源——而这正是塞拉利昂总统朱利叶斯·马达·比奥的雄心。

塞拉利昂具有绝好的投资机会。传统的领域如金矿、铝土矿、金红石、铁矿石和钻石等的开发正急需更多投资。

此外,新兴的投资领域如旅游业、渔业、农业等也可因为采用中国模式而发展壮大。一旦这些领域得到足够的投资,再加上中国政府的支持,那么习主席提出的人类命运共同体的伟大愿景就可以在塞拉利昂这个西非国家得到实现。


英文版:



Henan’s Development Models Could be Helpful for Sierra Leone 

By H.E. Ambassador Ernest Mbaimba Ndomahina of the Republic of Sierra Leone to China



SThe
mouthwatering field trip that was organised by China’s Ministry of
Foreign Affairs, for African ambassadors to Henan Province, in November
2018, was just inspiring.

During
this trip, I saw an impressive and developed Henan, met and listened to
inspiring speeches from the municipal senior officials, and visited
touristic sites. 

I
can boldly say that the Chinese government is very serious in its
decentralisation drive, which has subsequently led to the development of
Henan Province.

The development models that were used to improve Henan Province could be very helpful to Sierra Leone’s development.

Sierra
Leone, a West African nation, had gone through coup, civil conflict,
dreadful Ebola viral disease and on 14th August, 2017, the flood and
mudslide incident that destroyed lot of lives.
All of the above mishaps have their retrogressive consequences on the country’s development.
At
this crucial point of my country’s development, under the “New
Direction” agenda of the current government, championed by President
Julius Maada Bio, the Chinese development models, particularly those of
Henan Province, could not have come at a time better than this.
I
will ensure that my government, headed by the indefatigable President
Bio, is aware of these development models and subsequently find a way to
emulate them for the transformation of Sierra Leone. 

Spirit of the Red Flag Canal

The
impressive and inspiring story about the “Spirit of the Red Flag Canal”
was just intriguing. The 1500-kilometer-long red flag canal, which
according to the officials, represents a spiritual home for the Chinese
nation, and has beautiful scenery, was amazing.

I
admire the measures taken by the Chinese people in the 1960s to improve
harsh living environment for the people of Linzhou, by building a “milk
way”-the Red Flag Canal, along the steps of the Taihang Mountains.

I
was forced to shed tears when I was told that the people took 10 years
to build the Red Flag Canal, and how eventually they suffered, just to
improve the harsh living environment.

The
1.16 million people, who were living in an environment with 86% of
mountain and sloping land, worked every hard to ensure that they build a
“milk way”. I was touched by the resilience of the residents of Linzhou
in this regard. 

This is  a spiritual home for the Chinese nation!

⬆Ambassador of Sierra Leone to China interviewed by the media in Red Flag Canal

New Energy cooperation

I was also very impressed with the visit to the New Energy Base of Yutong Group.
My country has a seasonal electricity supply problem, and that has been affecting our transformative ambitions.

When
I say seasonal I mean we have a hydro power plant in Bumbuna town, in
Tonkolili district, Northern Province of Sierra Leone, called Bumbuna
Hydro-Power plant that is very much effective during the raining season
and drops during the dry season due to the low level of water content. 

During
the dry season, our only hope is the thermal plants in Freetown and
those in the South-east and Northern provinces of the country.

The
operational cost of these thermal plants is very expensive. The
generators used both heavy fuel oil (HFO) and marine fuel oil (MFO),
which are more expensive than the normal fuel.
So when I saw the New
Energy Base of Yutong Group, and its impressive work in Henan Province,
I believe the group’s officials could help to salvage our electricity
constraints, through cooperation and consultation.   

Henan model of urbanization development

I
am of the fervent belief that that the Forum on Henan-African
Cooperation is one of the ways that Africans could learn more about the
Chinese model in developing the provinces, cities and regions, through
decentralisation.

The
importance of this cooperation cannot be underestimated, and its
subsequent impacts on us (African ambassadors), is something worthwhile.

The
social and economic developments of Henan province, which can be also
linked to the Chinese government’s efforts to intensify
decentralisation, have absolutely transform lives of the people of the
province.

I
must confess that I was so impressed by what I saw during the field
trip, and realised that this China cannot be fully understood from
outside the country.

Like
I mentioned earlier, it is an eye opener. It has not only opened my
eyes to see what the true China is but it has as well convinced me that
China is ready for the best as she prepares a brighter future for the
generation yet unborn.

Also,
I realised China is really good at tourism development, because the
visit we made to the Youth Cave and the Museum of Red Flag Canal, the
one at the National Museum of China’s Writings in Anyang, the Lankao
City Hall, the Culture and the Musical Instrument Village, were all
fascinating and most times, inspiring.

My
country, Sierra Leone, has a huge tourism market of about 66 billion
United States Dollars (US$66bn). Our beaches are one of the best in
Africa. We have both white and brown sandy beaches, which makes them so
colourful.
⬆African envoys had taken photos at the millennium city park in Kaifeng

Learn from the Chinese government

Frankly,
there are lots of positives that I garnered from this African
Ambassadors’ visit to Henan province. The five days field trip and
engagement with officials of the municipal government, was worthwhile.

The
development path that China chose and the massive improvement that I
saw in Henan Province, has created a sense of possibility in my mind
that, if only we (Africans) could adopt these strategies, the
impossibilities of Sierra Leone’s, and by extension, African’s
development will be very slim.

One
of the ways that these models could be used in my country is by making
efficient and effective use of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation
(FOCAC) and the Forum on Henan-Africa Cooperation.

The
Chinese government could be consulted, under the above mentioned
cooperation platforms, to develop the tourism, health, and special
economic zones (SEZs), etc., in Sierra Leone. The SEZs could comprise
setting up of manufacturing companies as well as developing the human
capital, by building their capacities in skills and knowledge about
production factories, which is the ambition of Sierra Leone’s President
Julius Maada Bio.

Sierra
Leone has great investment opportunities. The traditional investment
area which is mining of country’s gold, bauxite, rutile, iron ore and
diamond, etc., is in dire need of improved investment.

In
addition, the emerging investment opportunities such as tourism,
fisheries, agriculture, could also be strengthened using the Chinese
development models.

Once
these are done, through the support of the Chinese government, then the
great aspiration of President Xi’s shared future for mankind could be
achieved in the West African country.

⬆African Envoys Visited the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University


文  | 欧内斯特·穆巴姆巴·恩多玛希那(Ernest Mbaimba Ndomahina) 塞拉利昂共和国驻华大使

翻译 | 周   竞

编辑 | 张   梅

设计 | 李玉丹