您做在的位置: 中国投资 > 封面故事 > 肯尼亚:“狩猎之乡”

肯尼亚:“狩猎之乡”


肯尼亚堪称真正的“狩猎之乡”,它在全国各地有56个国家公园和保护区


文I 文森特·奥穆森  肯尼亚共和国驻华大使馆商务参赞    翻译I 王晓波    图片提供I 肯尼亚共和国驻华大使馆


肯尼亚地形丰富,气候多样,有巍峨的山脉、连绵起伏的草原和白色沙滩海岸。东非大裂谷东支纵切高原南北,将高地分成东、西两部分,因此,素有“东非十字架”之称。肯尼亚境内多高原,中部的基里尼亚加峰(肯尼亚山)海拔5199米,山顶有积雪,为非洲第二高峰,肯尼亚的国名也由此而得。肯尼亚是全世界绝无仅有的目的地,游客可以看到的“人类文化的摇篮”。

 

“人类文化的摇篮”

由图尔卡纳湖畔出土的考古遗迹判断,肯尼亚悠久的历史可追溯到六百万年前。在新石器时代,这里的原始人类便开始在这片富饶的土地上种植庄稼,随后,来自埃塞俄比亚、非洲中西部、苏丹和索马里的游牧民族,也陆续移民到这里。近2000年以来,从肯尼亚山峰到印度洋海岸,各个建设完善的民族社区占据了肯尼亚的每一寸土地。

公元八世纪,来自阿拉伯、波斯和中国的商人开始到东非沿海一带进行贸易。其中有些人自此定居下来,为拉穆岛、蒙巴萨和马林迪地区的土著部落引进了穆斯林文化,并开始交易黄金、象牙、动物皮毛、犀牛角、香料和奴隶。

值得一提的是,郑和下西洋曾经到达过肯尼亚,著名作家凯伦·布里克森(笔名伊萨克·迪内森)和欧内斯特·海明威都曾在此定居,并创作了许多关于非洲的深入人心的文学作品。除此之外,肯尼亚令人惊叹的自然美景当然也没有逃过艺术家的眼睛与好莱坞的关注,许多经典电影都曾在这里取景拍摄,例如《走出非洲》、《不朽的园丁》、《古墓丽影》。


⬆漫步在湖边的火烈鸟

 

丰富的旅游资源

肯尼亚每年有两个雨季:4月到5月和10月到11月,因此旅游的最佳时间是7月到10月和12月到次年的2月。

肯尼亚有着丰富的旅游资源,游客可以体验狩猎、享受印度洋的海滩、观赏东非大裂谷的火山喷发、游览拥有超过百万野生动物的平原、漫步在到处都是火烈鸟的湖边和热带雨林里。肯尼亚有多达42个部落,80种不同的地方语言。游客可以经历五花八门的体验,比如高水平的高尔夫球比赛、在世界上最好的潜水胜地潜水、攀登肯尼亚山、乘坐热气球等。此外,在肯尼亚旅游时的住宿也有多种选择,比如豪华酒店、狩猎帐篷、度假村等,因此肯尼亚是人们安排家庭出行、度蜜月和招待生意客户的一个很好的选项。

肯尼亚有六个被联合国教科文组织命名的世界遗产所在地,它们分别是拉穆老镇、蒙巴萨的耶稣堡、神圣的米吉肯达卡亚森林、肯尼亚东非大裂谷的湖泊系统、图尔卡纳湖国家公园和肯尼亚山国家公园。肯尼亚是世界上最主要的旅游目的地之一,这是由于它所拥有的天然景观、独特的历史和考古遗址、优良的旅游基础设施和好客的传统。

肯尼亚堪称真正的“狩猎之乡”,它在全国各地有56个国家公园和保护区。每个公园都因其不同的植物类别或动物类别为游客提供了一种独特的体验。肯尼亚的旅游产品也是各种各样,别具一格,比如冒险之旅、文化之旅、历史之旅以及许多其它的诸如体育旅游和农业旅游这样的特色游。

肯尼亚的野生动物保护区多达44,359平方公里,占了国土面积的7.6%。主要的国家公园有:阿布戴尔国家公园(Aberdare National Park),安布萨里国家公园(AmboseliNational Park),地域之门国家公园(Hells Gate National Park),纳库鲁湖国家公园( LakeNakuru National Park),美鲁国家公园(Meru National Park),埃尔岗山国家公园(Mount Elgon National Park),肯尼亚山国家公园(MountKenya),内罗毕国家公园(Nairobi National Park),东西萨佛国家公园(Tsavo Eastand Tsavo West National Park)。最受游客欢迎的莫过于马赛马拉国家公园(Maasai Mara National Park),拥有国宝级地位。肯尼亚还有两大海洋公园:蒙巴萨国家海洋公园和马林迪/瓦塔姆国家公园(Malindi/Watamu)。在肯尼亚的国家保护区里处处栖息着无以计数的野生动物。

被称为世界上最宏伟的野生动物奇观指的是这个星球上每年最大规模的野生动物迁徙经过,它是一个无比恢宏的场景。它非常具有戏剧性,总是很令人敬畏,有时候是喜剧,但更多的时候是悲剧。在热带草原上,它既会呈现出惊人的美丽,也会上演极度的残忍。从七月底到十一月,超过一百五十万只蓝角马(羚羊的一种),以及七、八十万只斑马和瞪羚羊,会从坦桑尼亚塞伦盖蒂国家公园缺草的平原迁徙到肯尼亚马赛马拉国家保护区遍布新鲜牧草的牧场。每次迁徙时它们成群结队的数量可以达到20000多,浩浩荡荡地穿过平原,在跨越马赛河时会稍微迟疑一下,因为它们中的许多很可能被鄂鱼吞噬。从十月底开始,它们又开始准备返回坦桑尼亚。不过每次迁徙的具体时间需要视气候状况而定,因此并不是一成不变的。

除了这次最大规模的迁徙,肯尼亚还有位于境内的小规模迁徙,被称为洛伊塔迁徙。它始于四月份,大约有30000只蓝角马从马赛马拉国家保护区以北的各保护区迁往洛伊塔平原,因为那里矿产资源丰富,土壤肥沃。它们会在那里呆到六月份,然后再返回各自的保护区。

丰富的景观、多样性的生物种类以及将文化遗产、烹饪、艺术和工艺品巧妙地融合在一起,使肯尼亚成为了世界各地游客必须前往的一个目的地。


⬆俯瞰肯尼亚国家中心大楼(CFP)


旅游业投资机遇

肯尼亚还有很多投资旅游业的机遇:

内罗毕国际会议展览中心

发起人:肯尼亚贸易机会与管理顾问处

预计需要投资金额:1.2亿美元

政府与私人共建项目

地点:内罗毕县

该项目将提升肯尼亚在地区和国际会展方面的地位。拟建的会展中心及其配套设施将占地60英亩,位于内罗毕的兰加塔和凯伦地区。作为会议、集会、展览和特别活动的主要场所,它将配备先进的会议设备和设施,满足国际、地区和当地活动的组织者们的需要,并在融合当地文化的氛围中为与会者提供友好、高效和专业的服务。

肯雅塔国际会议中心扩建工程

发起人:肯尼亚国际会展中心(KICC)

预计需要投资金额:2.32亿美元

政府与私人共建项目(建设-租赁-转让)

地点:内罗毕县

该项目将在内罗毕中央商务区的中心地带扩建一个拥有300个房间的酒店和展览中心。它紧邻肯尼亚国际会议中心,这样参会人员可以很方便地抵达酒店。

马库尤岭高尔夫度假村

发起方:马库尤岭高尔夫度假村

预计需要投资金额:5.5亿美元

政府与私人共建项目

地点:穆拉雅县

该项目将建在穆拉雅县,距离内罗毕72公里,占地1000英亩,希望能够建设成为一个包括度假、休闲、高尔夫和举办会议的大型度假胜地。

改造住宿设施和开发其它旅游产品

发起人:肯尼亚野生动物保护局(KWS)

预计需要投资金额:5065万美元

政府与私人共建项目

地点:各国家公园

该项目计划在每一个国家公园的绿地上兴建可以拥有24个床位的豪华营地帐篷。

加强海洋保护区管理

发起人:肯尼亚野生动物保护局

预计需要投资金额:1000万美元

政府与私人共建项目

地点:梅鲁县

该项目的目的是加强海洋和沿海保护区的管理,开发和丰富适于市场需求的旅游产品,参与所在社区的保护工作,同时依托自然资源发展新兴产业。

完善体育设施和兴建体育场馆

发起人:体育、文化和艺术部

预计需要投资金额:400万美元

政府与私人共建,成立合资公司

地点:全国各地

该投资机遇存在于全国11个区域体育场所的建设和发展。

体育学校

发起方:体育、文化和艺术部

预计需要投资金额:150万美元

政府与私人共建项目

地点:全国各地

该项目的目的是在全国各地的基层寻找和培养有体育天赋的人材。政府已经在全国建了10个区域型的体育学校。

肯尼亚国际艺术文化中心

发起方:体育、文化和艺术部

预计需要投资金额:3090万美元

政府与私人共建项目

地点:内罗毕县

该项目需要建几个礼堂、音乐制作工作室、国家视觉艺术画廊、多媒体制作工作室和用于竞技表演和嘉年华的露天剧场。期望国际艺术文化中心能够成为艺术活动的交汇地,符合地方、区域和国际的不同标准。(编辑:常浩)


Kenya, Home of Safari


By Mr.Vincent Omuse, Commercial Counsellor, Embassy of Republic of the Kenya in Beijing;  
Photo by Embassy of the Republic of Kenya in Beijing


Kenya is rich in terrain and varied in climate. It has towering mountains, rolling prairie and white sandy beaches. The east branch of the Great Rift Valley splits the Plateau from north to south, which divides it into the two parts of the West and the East, and so it is often known as "the cross of East Africa". There are a large number of plateaus in Kenya; the Kirinyaga peak (or Mount Kenya) in the middle, the second highest mount in Africa, is as high as 5199 meters with snow covered at its top, and Kenya got its country name just from this mount. Kenya is really a quite unique destination for tourists all over the world, where they can witness "the cradle of human civilization".

The Cradle of Human Civilization

Judging from the archaeological relics unearthed from the Turkana Lake, Kenya's long history can be traced back to six million years ago. In the Neolithic Age, the primitive human there began to grow crops on this rich land. Then nomadic people from Ethel, West Central Africa, Sultan and Somalia were also migrated to Kenya. In the past 2000 years, from the Mount Kenya to the India Ocean coast, well-equipped ethnic communities have sprung up everywhere. In the 8th century, merchants from Arabia, Persia and China began to arrive in the East African coast to trade with local people. As a result, some of them settled down there, which brought Muslim culture to local tribes in the areas of Lamu, Mombasa and Malindi. They also started trading gold, ivory, animal fur, rhino horns, spices and slaves. It is worth mentioning that Zheng He passed Kenya during his voyages to the West; Karen Brickson, (his pen name Isaacs Dinesen) and Ernest Hemingway, both of whom are famous writers, also once lived here and created a large number of literary works about Africa, which are still deeply rooted in the hearts of people. Besides, Kenya's amazing natural beauty has certainly not escaped the eyes of artists and the attention of Hollywood, so it is not surprising that many classic films, such as ‘Out of Africa’, ‘the Immortal Gardener’ and ‘Tomb Raider’, have been shot in Kenya.

Rich Tourism Resource

There are two rain seasons in Kenya which are April to May and October to November. The best travel time will be July to October, December till next year’s February.

Kenya has rich tourism resources, tourists can experience Safari games, nice India Ocean’s beaches, East African Great Rift Valley with volcanoes, Plains with over million wildlife animals, Lake covered by flamingos, and tropical rain forests. Kenya has over 42 tribes and 80 different local languages. Tourists will have different experiences of high level of golf, one of the best diving place in the world, you can climb Mount Kenya, and have Hot-ball experience, etc.Furthermore, Kenya has different accommodation choice, such as deluxe hotels, safari tent, resorts, etc. Besides, Kenya is a good choice for family, honey moon and business clients.

Kenya is also home to 6 UNESCO World Heritage sites in Lamu Old Town, Fort Jesus Mombasa, and Sacred Mijikenda Kaya Forest, Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley, Lake Turkana National Park and Mt. Kenya National Park. Kenya is one of the world’s premier tourism destinations. This is due to its natural attractions, unique historical and archaeological sites, improved touristic infrastructure and its tradition of hospitality.

Kenya is the official “home of safari” with 56 national parks and reserves spread out all over the country. Each park offers visitors a unique experience with diverse flora and fauna. Kenya also offers visitors a wide range of unique tourism products such as adventure safaris, cultural safaris, historical safaris and a host of other niche products such as sports tourism and agro-tourism.  

Kenya's wildlife reserves are up to 44359 square kilometers, accounting for 7.6% of the land area. The main national parks are: Aberdare National Park, Amboseli National Park, Hells Gate National Park, Lake Nakuru National Park, Meru National Park, Mount Elgon National Park, Mount Kenya, Nairobi National Park, Tsavo East and Tsavo West National Park, while Maasai Mara National Park is the most popular one, which enjoys the status of national treasure. There are another two big ocean parks in Kenya: Mombasa National Ocean Park and Malindi/Watamu National Park. Millions of wild animals are inhabited in these national reserves.

It is known as the Greatest Wildlife show on Earth, the largest single movement of wildlife on the planet, the annual migration of the wildebeest is a spectacle unrivaled in grandeur. Pure theatre, it is always awe -inspiring sometimes comic, often tragic painted large across the face of the savanna it presents an image that is both breathtakingly beautiful and bitterly brutal. Between the end of July and November,over one and half million blue wildebeest, accompanied by half again as many Zebras, and gazelles, migrate from the short -grassed plains of Tanzania’s Serengeti National Park to freshpasture in the grassland of Kenya’s Masai Mara National Reserve. Movement in groups of up to 20,000 at a time they thunder across the plateau hesitating only briefly to cross the Mara River, where many fall prey to the waiting crocodiles. Towards the end of October, they begin crossing back into Tanzania. The actual timing ofthe migration, however, is dictated by the weather and does not always run to schedule.

As well as featuring in the main migration, Kenya has its own private migration, known as the Loita Migration which commences in April when some 30,000 wildebeest migrate from the conservancies to the north of Masai Mara National Reserve to the mineral -rich -soils of the Loita Plains – lingering until June when they move back to the private conservancies.

The diverse landscapes, abundance of biodiversity and the unique blend of cultural heritage, cuisine, arts and crafts, have placed Kenya on the global tourist map as a must-visit destination.  

Tourism Investment Opportunities

There are lot of tourism investment opportunities in Kenya:

Nairobi International Convention and Exhibition Centre

Promoter: Bomas of Kenya Limited

Estimated Invest: USD 120 Million Private Sector Participation: PPP

Location: Nairobi County

The project will enhance Kenya’s position as a major regional and global Meetings Incentives Conventions and Exhibitions (MICE) destination. The proposed NAICEC and its components will occupy sixty (60) acres of land of Bomas of Kenya. The site is located off Langata/Forest Edge Road in Langata/Karen area of Nairobi city. As a premier venue of meetings, conferences, exhibitions, and special events, it will cater to organizers of international, regional and local events by providing highly advanced conferencing equipment and facilities; friendly, efficient and professional service with a blend of cultural experience.

Expansion of Kenyatta International Convention Centre

Promoter: Kenya International Convention Centre (KICC)

Estimated Investment : USD 232Million

Private Sector Participation: PPP (Build-lease-transfer)  

Location: Nairobi County

This project entails the expansion and development of a 300 bed hotel and exhibition Centre in the middle of Nairobi’s central business district. Land is available next to the KICC and this will enable the conference participants’ access accommodation next to the venue.

Makuyu Ridge Country Golf Resort

Promoter: Makuyu Ridge Country Golf Resort

Estimated Investment: USD 550 Million

Private Sector Participation: PPP

Location: Murang’a County

The Project will be located at Murang’a County, which is 72km from Nairobi, on 1000 acres and seeks to develop a mega resort for retreat, leisure, golf and conferencing.  

Development of accommodation facilities and other Tourism Products

Promoter: Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS)

Estimated Investment: USD 50.65 Million

Private Sector Participation: PPP

Location: National Parks

This is a 24 bed luxury tented camp to be built on Greenfield sites in all National parks.  

Enhancing Marine Protected Areas Management

Promoter: Kenya Wildlife Service

Estimated Investment: USD 10 Million

Private Sector Participation: PPP

Location: Meru County  

The project aims to enhance the management of marine and coastal protected areas, develop, diversify and market tourism products, engage local communities in conservation and develop nature based alternative livelihoods.  

Development of Sports Facilities and Stadia.

Promoter: Ministry of Sports, Culture and the Arts.

Estimated Investment: USD 4 Million

Private Sector Participation: Joint Venture

Location: Nationwide.

The investment opportunities exist in construction and development of 11 regional sports stadia countrywide.

Academies of Sports

Promoter:  Ministry of Sports, Culture and the Arts.

Estimated Investment Cost: USD 1.5 Million

Private Sector Participation: PPP

Location: Nationwide.

The project aim is to search, nurture and develop sports talents at the grassroots. The government has come up with an establishment of 10 regional academies of sports countrywide.

Kenya International Arts and Culture Centre

Promoter: Ministry of Sports, Culture and the Arts.

Estimated Investment : USD 30.9 Million

Private Sector Participation: PPP

Location: Nairobi County

The project will entail the construction of several auditoria, studios for music production, national visual arts gallery, multimedia production studios and open amphi-theatre for arena arts and carnivals. The International Arts and Culture Centre is expected to be the meeting point for artistic activities at local, regional and international levels.