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世界可以更美好


如今各种政治和经济体系都在向着共同目标奋斗,并努力消除已经完全失去意义的意识形态壁垒


文|盖铁戈(H.E.Mr. Diego Ramiro Guelar)阿根廷共和国驻华大使    翻译|阿根廷共和国驻华大使馆 



世界上存在着三种重要的政治体制:第一种,西欧的君主立宪制(这之中也包括德国和意大利:这两个国家在战败后废除了王室,改用“总统”代替过去的君主);第二种,美式总统制(这种模式后来“正式”复制到了其他美洲国家);第三种,中国共产党领导下的“中国特色社会主义制度”。

就像三个火枪手的故事一样,除了以上三种模式,世界上还有第四类体制(日本、瑞士、澳大利亚、加拿大、新加坡、新西兰、韩国、以色列、智利和乌拉圭),这些国家出于各种历史原因,在政治制度正常化之后形成了“独具一格”的或者说非正统的体制,但是十分高效且稳定。

目前,还有其他165个国家仍然在求索一种具有可预见性的稳定体制,它们(或者说我们)中的很多都十分重要,如俄罗斯、墨西哥、巴西、土耳其、印度尼西亚亦或阿根廷。

以欧洲为代表的第一类国家,巩固了代议制;以美国为代表的第二类国家,发展了联邦总统制;第三类国家,也就是中国,形成了一党专政制。

有谁会质疑当今美-中-欧的“核心”地位,以及他们对全世界经济、军事、政治、社会和文化的影响力呢(尤其是科技和信息技术方面)?

然而,我们也注意到当下“民粹民族主义”抬头,这种势力反对全球化,反对资本、人力和服务的自由流通,甚至试图建造彼此隔绝的城墙、歧视少数人群,并依照十九和二十世纪过时的行事准则挑起冲突。

我们必须保持高度警觉,不能放松警惕,但是同时我们也不能无视如流水般逝去的往事。历史总是给我们新的挑战,但它绝不会走回头路。

当今世界最大的进步就是这三种政治体制制定了一个共同的发展议程:第一,消除贫困;第二,打击恐怖主义和毒品贩运;第三,制定环境和经济平衡发展的可持续经济发展模式。

制定这些“共同目标”并不意味着可以完全消除世界上的矛盾、拖延、苦难和伪善,这些问题都会为预设的2030年发展目标带来困难。

中国提出的“一带一路”倡议意在解决上述主要问题,并保障“全世界互联互通”以及贸易和投资自由顺畅,为各国创造“共赢”局面。如今各种政治和经济体系都在向着共同目标奋斗,并努力消除已经完全失去意义的意识形态壁垒。

在这个“新时代”的“更美好的世界”里,中国正扮演着二十一世纪的决定性角色。(编辑:张梅)


The World Can be Better


By H. E. Mr. Diego Ramiro Guelar, Ambassador of The Argentine Republic to the People´s Republic of China



There are three important political systems in the world: I) the constitutional monarchies of Western Europe (which include Germany and Italy, who, because of lost wars, deposed their reigning royal families, but replaced them with "presidencies" that occupy the usual place of the old monarchs); II) American presidentialism (later"formally" reproduced by the other American countries); III) the "socialism with Chinese characteristics", led by the Chinese Communist Party.

Like the three musketeers, there is a fourth group of countries (Japan, Switzerland, Australia, Canada, Singapore, New Zealand, South Korea, Israel, Chile and Uruguay) that, due to different historical circumstances, normalized their political institutions with a “sui generis” or heterodox system, butefficient and stable.

There are also165 other nations, some of them (or us) arevery important, such as Russia, Mexico, Brazil, Turkey,  Indonesia or Argentina, which are still looking for a place of definite predictability.
In the first case – Europe – Parlamentarism is consolidated; in the second case – the United States – Federal Presidentialism is developed, and in the third – China – the centralism has been embodied in the Single Party.

Who will doubt about today’s US-China-Europe“centrality”, and its decisive influence on the rest of the world in terms of economic, military, politics, society and culture (starting with the science, technology and IT)?



However, we can also notice the aggressive resurgence of "populist nationalism" that denies globalization, free flowing ofcapital, people and services, while seeks to build walls, discriminate against minorities and to create focus of conflicts based on the principles that governed the world in the 19thand 20thcenturies.

We must be vigilant and not let our guard down, but we cannot ignore the water under the bridge, that history always presents new challenges, but it is never going to retrace the long road traveled.

The greatest advance lies in the agenda of the dominant triumvirate: I) endpoverty; II) defeat terrorism and drug trafficking; III) develop a sustainable and environmentally balanced economic model.

This "unity of objectives" does not mean that there are no contradictions, delays, miseries and hypocrisies that complicate its realization within the foreseen term -year 2030.

The One Belt, One Road initiative proposed by China contemplates solving these core problems, ensuring the connectivity and the flow of world trade and investment, following the win-win scheme that benefits all countries involved. Today all political and economic systems converge towards shared objectives, removing ideological barriers that have ceased to make sense.

In this "better world" of the "new era", China iscurrently a defining actor of the 21st century.