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中非故事|佩德罗的“非洲梦”

佩德罗的“非洲梦”

文 | 刘贝  温利  中工国际工程股份有限公司  

图片提供 | 中工国际工程股份有限公司           

编辑 | 杨海霞      

设计 | 姜灵枝   

制作 | 黄硕存  


导读:中国公司投资建设的安哥拉库茵巴农场给当地经济发展注入支柱力量,让佩德罗等周边居民的生活产生了巨变。

● 中国农场助力“非洲梦”

农场与当地的共同发展

农业合作:践行中非命运共同体

佩德罗是安哥拉库茵巴农场旁边DiaDia村的居民,世代为农。2014年7月,他和村里所有的人一样,扎堆儿看着一辆辆大车拉着许多设备和材料来到了村子附近几公里的一大块空地上。听城里来的人说,一家中国公司要在这个地方建一座现代化工农业农场,农场是国家农业部的。

那时候佩德罗和其他人一样,他们不知道什么是现代化,也不知道什么是工农业农场,只是出于好奇,他们跑向中国人所在的营地。来自中国的工程师和农业专家早已等待着他们。

几年过去了,库茵巴农场给地区经济发展注入支柱力量,让这周边居民的生活产生了巨变。

今年6月份,农场里来了国家日报的记者,要对农场做一个全方位的报道采访。农场领导安排佩德罗作为当地工人代表接受记者采访。他十分紧张,以前看被采访录像的都是大领导,怎么也想不到他也有机会上电视。

“感谢库茵巴农场,让我找到了人生中的第一份工作。和中国人在一起的几年中,我学到了很多与设备机械有关的知识,这让我得以养活我的家人,负担起抚养子女的费用。库茵巴农场是这附近唯一能够提供就业的单位,我希望能够继续在农场工作,除此外,我只能回家干农活,就像我们国家大多数人一样。”佩德罗如是说。

中国农场助力“非洲梦”

此前,佩德罗所居住的DiaDia村,几十户人家均以种植大豆、玉米、木薯为生。距离省会城市60多公里的道路崎岖泥泞,无班车通行,最近的城市是20公里处的库茵巴市。村里尚未通电,村民都住着土泥坯子墙毛草顶的房屋,非洲雨水多,一般过几年房子倒了需要重新砌新的,极少数村民有彩钢瓦顶的砖房。前些年饮水还要去附近的河里挑,去年政府给村里打了一口井。对于佩德罗他们来说,生活很难有巨大改变,至少,路,困着所有的一切,想走的出不去,想进的来不了。

整个库茵巴市方圆几十公里没有成规模的工业项目,当地居民大部分以家庭农业为主,基本处于自给自足状态。库茵巴农场也就成了当地唯一能提供大量就业岗位的项目。

库茵巴综合农场项目由中国进出口银行提供融资支持,中工国际工程股份有限公司负责建设,主要是进行大规模玉米种植,饲料加工、禽类饲养和鸡蛋生产等活动。

农场的建设需要大量的劳动力,这吸引着几十公里外的青年们来此应聘。佩德罗是个勤奋能干的小伙子,成功的进入项目现场被分配到农机设备区域工作,主要工作是配合机械师对拖拉机等设备进行维护保养。

来自中国的工程师告诉他,好好学习,以后这拖拉机就由你来开你来修,这让他十分的兴奋。这种大型拖拉机他都没见过,中国师傅很认真的教他,佩德罗没有上过学,村子里如他一般的年轻人都没有文化。但他学习中文的劲儿十足,一些和机械相关的中文说法他都懂,还能说不少日常用语。中国话拉近了他和中国师傅的距离,让他学到了更多知识,掌握了更多技能。

在没有这份工作之前,他的梦想是拥有一台自行车。工作了大半年后,这一天,他兴致勃勃的跑到中国师傅面前,展示近几个月工作的成果,买了一台摩托车。村子里和他一样在农场上班的青年都是人手一台摩托车,这在以前他们是无法想象的。不仅如此,佩德罗还告诉中国师傅,他计划下个月的工资买水泥,再下个月的工资买砖,接下去再买彩钢瓦、钢筋,等到了年底准备盖个新房子。说到此时,佩德罗满脸的幸福憧憬,大概这就是他心目中的小康社会吧。

农场与当地的共同发展

农场在基础设施建设阶段解决了当地超过300人的就业岗位,其中大部分工人为农场附近居民。

安哥拉库茵巴农场项目占地总面积7000公顷,开垦面积2000公顷,包括300公顷的喷灌面积;建设1.2万吨玉米筒仓及配套相应规模的烘干设施、饲料加工厂、成品库、肉鸡蛋鸡养殖车间以及配套的孵化、育雏、屠宰、冷库、消毒等设施。

库茵巴农场旨在以种粮为主,加工、养殖为辅的农工贸一体化开发,探索当地农业规模化生产经营模式,为安哥拉的大规模农业开发提供建设、种植、生产、养殖、管理等方面的经验,解决库茵巴市和扎伊尔省地区的粮食和肉蛋禽的基本供给,为提高粮食安全的保障能力发挥示范作用,带动当地农业经济和社会经济的发展。

在过去三年的建设期内(2015-2018),中工国际库茵巴农场项目组致力于促进当地经济与社会发展,积极履行社会责任。如出动施工机械协助市政府进行道路桥梁维修;积极组织当地青少年学习玉米、大豆等农作物的种植技术,就施肥、耕地、喷洒农药等农业技术开展专题系列培训,提高了当地居民农业种植水平,为消除饥饿与贫困做出了贡献。

农场附近村落发生暴雨灾害后,项目组迅速了解受灾情况,并提供建筑物资和生活物资,第一时间为受灾群众送去温暖与关怀。

农场至扎伊尔省会城市的道路状况严重影响了未来农场的运营发展,安哥拉政府已经注意到这一情况,省政府已着手编制预算修建新的柏油路,未来还会将电力输送至农场这一区域。

农业项目的发展需要更多的基础设施配套,政府的投入将大大改善这一区域经济发展状况。以农场项目为依托,辐射周边区域,促进经济贸易发展,增加居民就业,极大地改善了居民生活,消除贫困,提升生活水平。这是对中非命运共同体最好的诠释和实践。

农业合作:践行中非命运共同体

中国是最大的发展中国家,非洲是发展中国家最多的大陆,中非之间有着良好的历史友谊,中国的发展是非洲兄弟的机遇,非洲的广袤也是中国发展的机遇,中非历来就是休戚与共的命运共同体。

非洲各国都在致力于发展工业化和农业现代化,中国正在深化全面改革,推进经济结构调整,中非在很多领域上具备了优势互补、合作共赢的机会,中非合作理当发挥出“一加一大于二”的效应。中非农业合作不仅有助于减少贫困,促进经济发展,同时也是在践行中非命运共同体、落实“一带一路”倡议。

自2003年起,中工国际先后承建了尼日利亚日糖厂建设项目,埃塞俄比亚瓦尔凯特糖厂项目,津巴布韦农业机械设备供货项目,莫桑比克农产品加工厂项目,赞比亚粮仓项目,苏丹青尼罗河灌溉区修复项目,安哥拉隆格水稻农场、卡玛库巴综合农场、库茵巴综合农场三个农场项目,争当“一带一路”中央企业排头兵,积极探索非洲农业发展模式,为非洲农业现代化贡献力量。

推动落实中非农业现代化合作有助于实现中非在优势领域的互补合作,不仅能够为非洲人民谋福利,切实解决贫困问题,提升地区经济发展水平,促进就业,改善生活。同时也能够带动中国的农业技术、农业装备走进非洲,达到共同发展、共同创造,践行了中非命运共同体的概念。

 

英文版:

Pedro’s African Dream

Author |     Liu Bei, Wen Li,  (CAMCE)   

Translated  |  Sun Ruohan

Design | Jiang Lingzhi

Production | Huang Shuocun

导读:

● Chinese Farm Builds “African Dream”

Joint Development for the Farm and Local Community

Agricultural Cooperation: A Practice of A Community of Shared Future between China and Africa


Pedro lives in the village of DiaDia, which is next to the Cuimba Farm in Angola. His family and him have been farmers for generations. In July 2014, together with all the other villagers, he stared at a number of large trucks loaded with numerous equipment and materials driving to a wide open space a few kilometers near the village. People from the city said that a Chinese company would build a modern agro-industrial farm in this place. The farm belongs to the Ministry of Agriculture.

Back in those days, Pedro and the rest of villagers had no idea of what modernization and agro-industrial farm meant. Out of curiosity, they ran to the Chinese camps, where Chinese engineers and agricultural experts have long been waiting.   

A few years later, Cuimba Farm has injected a strong growth to the local economy and changed villagers’ lives enormously. 

In June this year, journalists from China Daily came, in the aim of giving the farm a full-scale coverage. Farm’s manager chose Pedro as local worker’s representative to take the interview. He was very nervous, he only saw managers being interviewed on TV, he never thought he’d have a chance.  

 “Thanks to Cuimba Farm for giving me the first job in my life. I have learnt a lot about equipment and machinery during those years working with Chinese, and this job helps me feed my family and support my children. Cuimba Farm is the only place nearby offering job opportunities, so I hope I could continue working in the farm. Otherwise I’d have to go back home as a farmer, just like most of the people in my country.” Said Pedro.

Chinese Farm Builds “African Dream”

Previously, in the village of DiaDia where Pedro lives, dozens of households lived on soybeans, corn and cassava. More than 60 kilometers from the provincial capital, the road is rugged and there are no shuttle buses. The nearest city is Cuimba, 20 kilometers away. The village has not been electrified, and the villagers live in houses with mud-green walls and grassy roofs. There are many rains in Africa. Generally, every few years, the houses need to be rebuilt, and very few villagers have brick houses with colored steel roofs. In the past, people had to go to the nearby river to bring drinking water back. Last year, the government made the village a well. For Pedro, life is hard to change, and the road has kept everything from going out nor coming in.

There are no large-scale industrial projects in the whole city of Cuimba or even dozens of kilometers away from Cuimba. Most of the local residents are mainly in family farming sector, and are basically self-sufficient. Cuimba Farm has become the only project in the region that can provide a large number of jobs.

The Cuimba Agro-Industrial Farm Project is financed by the Export-Import Bank of China (EIBC). China CAMC Engineering Corporation (CAMCE) is responsible for the construction, mainly for large-scale corn planting, feed processing, poultry breeding and egg production.

The construction of the farm requires a large amount of labor, which attracts young people from dozens of kilometers away to apply for. Pedro is a diligent and capable young man who managed to enter the project site and was assigned to the agricultural machinery and equipment area to work. His main job is to assist the mechanics with the maintenance of the tractors and other equipment.

An engineer from China told him, if he could study hard, one day he can drive and repair the tractor by himself, which made him very excited. He has never seen such a large tractor, and the Chinese instructor taught him with great patience. Pedro has never attended any schools, nor do other young people in the village. He is very motivated in learning Chinese. He knows some mechanical related Chinese terms and can also speak a lot of everyday language. The Chinese language has brought him closer to the Chinese engineer, allowing him to learn more and master more skills.

Before he got this job, his dream was to own a bicycle. After working for half a year, one day, he eagerly ran to the Chinese instructor, and showed the results of his work in recent months, and bought a motorcycle. The young people who worked on the farm like him are all equipped with motorcycles, which was unimaginable before. Not only that, Pedro also told his Chinese instructor that he planed to buy cement with next month's wages, and he will buy bricks later, and then the steel tile, steel bars, and build a new house at the end of the year. Speaking of this, Pedro's face shines with happiness, as there is probably a moderately prosperous society in his mind.

Joint Development for the Farm and Local Community

The farm provides more than 300 job opportunities during infrastructure construction period, among which most are for nearby villagers.

The Cuimba farm project in Angola covers a total area of 7,000 hectares, with a cultivated area of 2,000 hectares, and an irrigated area of 300 hectares; 12,000 tons of corn silos and corresponding drying facilities, feed processing plants, finished goods warehouses, and meat, eggs chicken breeding workshops and supporting facilities for hatching, brooding, slaughtering, cold storage, disinfection, etc.

The farm aims to explore local large-scale agricultural production and management mode by integrating agriculture, industry and trade with food crops as the mainstay, supplemented by processing and breeding; and to provide solutions to construction, planting, production and breeding for large-scale agricultural development in Angola. And to meet the basic needs of food, meat and poultry in the cities of Cuimba and Zaire, to become a role model in improving food security and promoting the development of local agricultural economy and social economy.

During the construction period of the past three years (2015-2018), CAMCE Cuimba Farm Project Team was committed to promoting local economic and social development and actively fulfilling its social responsibilities. For example, they deployed construction machinery to assist the municipal government to carry out road and bridge maintenance; actively organized local young people to learn the cultivation techniques of crops such as corn and soybeans, and carried out specific training on agricultural technologies such as fertilization, cultivation and spraying pesticides, to enhance the agricultural cultivation techniques of local resident, making contributions to eliminate hunger and poverty.

After the torrential rain disaster happened in the village near the farm, the project team quickly assessed the situation, and gathered related information, and provided building materials and living materials. They also sent consideration and care to the affected people at the earliest time.

The road conditions from the farm to the provincial capital of Zaire have seriously affected the operation of the farm in future. The Angola government was also aware of this situation. The provincial government has begun to make budget to build a new asphalt road, and will also transfer electricity to the farm in the future.

The development of agricultural projects requires more infrastructure facilities, and government investment will greatly improve the economic development of the region. The farm projects, as a successful model, influencing greatly to surrounding areas, which promoted economic and trade development, and increased residents' employment, greatly improving residents' standard of living, eliminating poverty, and improving living standards. This is the best interpretation and practice for a community of shared future between China and Central Africa.

Agricultural Cooperation: A Practice of A Community of Shared Future between China and Africa

China is the largest developing country, and Africa is the continent with the largest number of developing countries. China and Africa have a good historical friendship. China's development is an opportunity for African brothers and vise versa. China and Africa have always been a community of shared future.

All African countries are committed to the development of industrialization and agricultural modernization. China is deepening comprehensive reforms and promoting economic restructuring. China and Africa have opportunities to complement each other and achieve win-win cooperation in many fields. China-Africa cooperation should play a role of "one plus one greater than two." China-Africa agricultural cooperation not only helps reduce poverty and promote economic development, but also implements the Belt and Road Initiative in the practice of a community of shared future.

Since 2003, CAMCE has successively built the Nigerian Sugar Mill Construction Project, the Ethiopian Valkate Sugar Mill Project, the Zimbabwe Agricultural Machinery Equipment Supply Project, the Mozambique Agricultural Products Processing Plant Project, the Zambia Granary Project, and the Sudan Blue Nile River Irrigation District Restoration Project. The three farm projects of Longa Rice Planting Agro-Industrial Farm, Camacupa Agro-industrial Farm and Cuimba Agro-Industrial Farm are striving to be the “Belt and Road Initiative” central enterprises, and actively explore African agricultural development models to contribute to African agricultural modernization.

Promoting China-Africa agricultural modernization cooperation will help China and Africa to complement each other in areas with comparative advantages, not only to benefit the African people, but also effectively solve the poverty problem, improving the level of regional economic development, and promoting employment and improve livelihood. At the same time, it can also transfer China's agricultural technology and agricultural equipment to Africa, achieving common development and joint creation, and practicing the concept of a community of shared future between China and Africa.