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治理模式不能“削足适履”


(本刊讯常浩)“自由民主就像美丽的鞋子,当考虑到国家的国情时,鞋子虽美,但不一定合脚。因此,我们需要找到合适自己的‘鞋子’而不是把脚削去。”

9月19日,中国社会科学院西亚非洲研究所研究员贺文萍在《中国投资》杂志社举办的“中非互鉴提升治理能力”交流会上说。

中非合作论坛成立以来,中非关系快速发展,各领域合作和人员往来更加密切,尤其是2015年约堡峰会以后,中非双方都热切希望增进互相了解和认识。

在中联部的大力支持下,9曰19日《中国投资》杂志召开“中非互鉴提升治理能力”交流会,与来自非洲埃塞俄比亚、南非、坦桑尼亚三国的学者、媒体考察团,就各自所关心的国家社会治理问题展开了讨论。



中联部处长王小颖,埃中友协筹备人、前埃塞俄比亚驻华大使海尔基洛斯·格塞塞(Haile

KirosGessesseTedla),埃革阵中央书记处意识形态研究部官员阿雷加·德萨伦(AregaEshetuDesalegn),南非非洲复兴研究所高级研究员瑟哈拉尔·马克哥特兰恩(SehlareMakgetlaneng),坦桑尼亚《公民报》编辑安吉蒂尔·奥西阿(AngetileOsiah),社科院西亚非所研究员贺文萍,《中国投资》总顾问赵昌会等进行了主旨发言。


贺文萍 社科院西亚非所研究员


贺文萍用“削足适履”的中国典故,形象地提出了民主与治理应当基于不同的国情,而不是一味的将西方的民主强加于各国。她的讲话引起了与会者热烈的讨论。


海尔基洛斯·格塞塞(Haile KirosGessesseTedla) 埃中友协筹备人、前埃塞俄比亚驻华大使


埃中友协筹备人、前埃塞俄比亚驻华大使海尔基洛斯·格塞塞对“鞋子理论”十分认同。他说,埃塞总理也曾有这样的比喻“鞋子一定要订做合适的”。埃塞过去的发展经历证明,西方模式不适合埃塞。埃塞通过自己的治理方式推动国家不断发展,在过去20年经济实现了两位数的增长。



瑟哈拉尔·马克哥特兰恩(SehlareMakgetlaneng) 南非非洲复兴研究所高级研究员


南非非洲复兴研究所高级研究员瑟哈拉尔·马克哥特兰恩肯定了中非之间的合作,他表示中国的执政党不仅有强大的领导力,还非常注重兑现对于中国人民的承诺,同时,中国在支持非洲大陆的发展上提供了很多的帮助,尤其在基础设施建设上。


赵昌会 《中国投资》总顾问


《中国投资》杂志总顾问赵昌会表示,正是“中国梦”引领人民团结一致,多年来,坚持不懈地朝着一个目标前进,取得了当下中国的发展成就。同时,他还强调了在中国的国家治理中规划所具有的独特重要性。


钱镇 中共中央党校国际战略研究院副研究员


中共中央党校国际战略研究院副研究员钱镇在谈到中国国家治理的特点时强调了儒家思想和现代马克思主义在中国思想意识形态中的结合。在这样的思想意识形态下,中国的社会治理更强调集体主义,致力于经济发展,并从实际出发,根据环境变化调整政策,从而不断解决问题,推进社会发展。


王小颖 中联部处长


中联部处长王小颖通过介绍中国某地方政府的决策过程,分享了中国基层治理日臻科学完善的发展趋势。



此外,来自非洲埃塞俄比亚、南非、坦桑尼亚三国的专家学者与媒体人士还就中非民间交流、遏制腐败、媒体监督等方面的话题与中方代表展开了广泛的讨论。




Never"Cutting off Toes to Fit in Shoes" When Choosing a Governance Model



(China Investment-Chang Hao;Translated byGao Yuan Yuan) “Liberal democracy is like a pair of fancy shoes. But when itcomes to national conditions, the glamorous shoes may not fit the feet comfortably.Therefore, we need to find the shoes that fit perfectly, rather than cut offthe toes.”

He Wenping,a research fellow with the Institute of West-Asian and African Studies of ChineseAcademy of Social Sciences, made such a comparison when she delivered a speechata seminar withthe theme “China-Africa:Mutual Learning StrengthensGovernance Capacity”hosted by the China Investmentmagazine on Sept. 19th.

Sincethe inception of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, China-Africa relationshave been developing rapidly, with closer cooperation in all sectors and morefrequent personnel exchanges. Both sides have shown keen desire to enhancemutual knowledge and understanding, especially since the Johannesburg Summit in2015.

Withthe strong support from the International Department of the CPC Centra lCommittee (IDCPC), China Investment magazinehosted the seminar, during which the magazine and members of a delegation ofscholars and journalists from Ethiopia, South Africa and Tanzania shared theirperspectives on social governance.



Ms. HeWenping cited the Chinese story of “cutting off toes to fit in shoes” to evocativelypropose that we should frame democracy and governance on the basisof different nationalconditions, instead of indiscriminately imposing western-style democracy on allcountries. Her remarks triggered heated discussion.



HaileKiros Gessesse Tedla, the organizer of Ethiopia-China Friendship Associationand former Ethiopian Ambassador to China, agreed with the “theory of shoes”,introducing that Ethiopian Prime Minister had similar metaphor that “shoesshould be tailored to fit in feet”. Ethiopia’s development history proves thatthe western model is not applicable to Ethiopian reality. By developing thecountry with its unique governance model, Ethiopia scored double-digit economicgrowth in the last two decades.  




SehlareMakgetlaneng, a senior research fellow with Institute for African RenaissanceStudies, suggested that the CPC, as the ruling party of China, has shown a strongleadership, and is devoted to fulfilling its commitment to the Chinese people.Meanwhile, China delivers strong support to the African continent in itsdevelopment endeavors, especially in infrastructure construction.



ZhaoChanghui, the Principal Consultant for ChinaInvestment, stated that it is the “Chinese Dream” that, for so many years,has been guiding and uniting the Chinese people to march towards the same goaland score the current achievement in development. He also emphasized thatunique and critical role of planning in China’s state governance.



QianZhen, an associate research fellow with the Institute for InternationalStrategic Studies of the Central Party School of the CPC highlighted theintegration of the Confucianism and modern Marxism in ideology when elaboratingon China’s governance. With such ideology in place, China’s social governanceputs more emphasis on collectivism and its role in driving economic developmentand practically adjusts policies as situation changes to continuously addressemerging challenges and promote social growth.



WangXiaoying, a Division Director of the International Information Center of IDCPCbriefed the audience on the decision-making process in a local government and sharedthe trend of more science-based grass-root governance in China.



Scholars and journalists from Ethiopia, South Africa and Tanzania also engaged in extensivediscussion with Chinese representatives on topics including people-to-peopleexchange, anti-corruption and media supervision.